The Boston Riot of 1903
The Zion church dates back to June 13, 1838, when a group of 17 Black worshipers left Boston's Methodist Episcopal Church to join the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Denomination.
For many years, the Columbus Church was the largest and principal Black church in the city of Boston.
That church would be the site of another historical partitioning.
Columbus Avenue A. M. E. Zion Church
600 Columbus Avenue, Boston, MA
(Source: Former Official Website)
We have a right in a conservative and sensible manner to enter our complaints, but...no one likes to feel that he is continually following a funeral procession.
The Whites and the Blacks are to reside together in this country permanently, and we should lose no opportunity to cultivate in every straightforward, manly way, the greatest harmony between the races. Whoever, North or South, Black or White, by word or deed, needlessly stirs up strife, is an enemy to both races, and to his country.
I was incensed at Trotter. I thought that he had been needlessly violent, and had compromised me as his guest; but when I learned the exact facts, and how little cause for riot there was, and when they clapped Trotter in the Charles Street Jail, all of us more conservative, younger men rose in revolt.
Niagara Movement Founders, 1905
(Source: Library of Congress)
Trotter is not pictured, but he was there.
This incident lead Trotter to join with W. E. B. Du Bois and 27 other men for a conference at Fort Erie on the U.S.-Canadian border in the summer of 1905. Together, they renounced Washington's 'compromising philosophy' and formed an organization they called the Niagara Movement.
...the Association is a great, important and noble movement and we should all wish it success and take part in making it of great benefit to race and country.
In the age of [Booker T.] Washington, he did more than anyone else, save Du Bois, to keep the protest tradition alive.
Men of courage and conviction such as Trotter, by continually knocking, may eventually break down the wall of prejudice. We need more of them.
We need leaders, let us have more William Monroe Trotters.
Scientific Researcher, Independent Historian, and Co-Founder of Black Research Central
Black Research Central
When Negritude Meets Pettitude.