Malcolm X holds up money collected at a “Freedom Rally” June 25, 1961 sponsored by the Nation of Islam at Washington, D.C.’s Uline Arena at the 1100 block of 3rd Street NE
Photo by Richard Saunders/Getty Images
Malcolm X on the Power of Black Collectivism
The following is an excerpt from El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Malcolm X)’s speech “The Ballot or The Bullet” delivered on April 12, 1964 at King Solomon Baptist Church in Detroit, Michigan.
In this speech, the minister and human rights activist submits a charge to the ‘Black’ people of the United States of America with his blueprint on their future political and economic survival. While his lecture on Black Nationalism is most relevant to the time he spoke these words, much of his theory on how to achieve and maintain a successful community remains applicable in a 21st century world that is still not conducive to 'Black’ collective progress.
The Miseducation of the AFrican Negro
Queen Elizabeth II, the "Queen Mother of Rhodesia", inspects the Guard of Honor provided by the Kings African Rifles at Matopos in Southern Rhodesia, 1957
(Credit: Steve Bennett)
This is a photo of one of the native police forces employed by the European colonial powers in Africa.
Without these men, it would not have been possible for them to control the land and resources of the continent during the colonial era.
Black Research Central
When Negritude Meets Pettitude.